Falcon Medik

Soaring To Greater Heights



Skin performs the following functions:


  1. Protection: an anatomical barrier from pathogens and damage between the internal and external environment in bodily defense; Langerhans cells in the skin are part of the adaptive immune system.
  2. Sensation: contains a variety of nerve endings that react to heat and cold, touch, pressure, vibration, and tissue injury; see somatosensory system and haptics.
  3. Heat regulation: the skin contains a blood supply far greater than its requirements which allows precise control of energy loss by radiation, convection and conduction. Dilated blood vessels increase perfusion and heatloss, while constricted vessels greatly reduce cutaneous blood flow and conserve heat.
  4. Control of evaporation: the skin provides a relatively dry and semi-impermeable barrier to fluid loss. Loss of this function contributes to the massive fluid loss in burns.
  5. Aesthetics and communication: others see our skin and can assess our mood, physical state and attractiveness.
  6. Storage and synthesis: acts as a storage center for lipids and water, as well as a means of synthesis of vitamin D by action of UV on certain parts of the skin.
  7. Excretion: sweat contains urea, however its concentration is 1/130th that of urine, hence excretion by sweating is at most a secondary function to temperature regulation.
  8. Absorption: the cells comprising the outermost 0.25–0.40 mm of the skin are "almost exclusively supplied by external oxygen", although the "contribution to total respiration is negligible". In addition, medicine can be administered through the skin, by ointments or by means of adhesive patch, such as the nicotine patch or iontophoresis. The skin is an important site of transport in many other organisms.
  9. Water resistance: The skin acts as a water resistant barrier so essential nutrients aren't washed out of the body.

Source: Wikipedia

What is Dry Skin ?

Dry skin, also known as Xerosis, is common. It can occur at any age and for many reasons. Usually the main cause are due to poor or wrong care of the skin. Using commercial soaps strips the skin of the natural moisture and also the natural habitat of protective bacteria. Upsetting the delicate balance will cause untoward problems such as fungal infection or skin infection.

Most commercial soaps have glycerin taken out from the soap formula probably because of the sinister motive to sell moisturisers to replenish the action of glycerin. What glycerin does is to form a layer of protector so that the skin loses less moisture.

Liquid soap contain more preservatives to prevent growth of mold, fungi and bacteria. For those with sensitive skin, the addition of all these perfume, chemical substance will inflame the skin and make the dry skin worst . Check your product  label now.

Using a moisturizer often helps repair dry skin. However, choosing the right moisturizer is important as many contain harmful perfume , preservatives or even chemicals that irritates rather than help moisturize.

What is dermatitis ?
Extremely dry skin can be a warning sign of a skin problem called dermatitis. Dermatitis means inflammation of the skin. It can cause an itchy rash or patches of dry irritated skin. The earlier dermatitis is diagnosed and treated the better. Without treatment, dermatitis often gets worse.

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10 FACTS ABOUT SKIN 

YOU SHOULD KNOW


1. The skin is considered the largest organ in the human body

2. The skin loses about 30,000 to 40,000 dead skin cells from the surface almost every minute

3. The skin renews itself every 28 days

4. The skin contains a protein called keratin which is also found in hair and nails.

5. Goose bumps actually help retain a layer of warm air over our body.

6. The thinnest layer of skin is around the eyes, particularly the eyelids.

7. Sometimes, changes in your skin can signal changes in your health as a whole.

8. Skin measures about 1 mm thick at birth and grows to about 2-3 mm thick by adulthood.

9. Each 5 square cm of skin may have up to 600 sweat glands.

10. The skin of an average adult weighs 8-10 pounds and averages an area of about 22 square feet.